The Journey Of The Holy Family To Egypt
The Holy Family
By: Samar Ali
“Behold, the angel of the Lord appeareth to Joseph in a dream, saying, Arise, and take the young Child and His mother, and flee into Egypt, and be thou there until I bring thee word: for Herod will seek the young Child to destroy Him” (Matthew 2:13).
“And called my son out of Egypt” (Hosea 11:1)
“The burden of Egypt. Behold, the Lord rideth upon a swift cloud, and shall come into Egypt: and the idols of Egypt shall be moved at his presence, and the heart of Egypt shall melt in the midst of it.” (Isaiah 19:1).
“And the Lord shall be known to Egypt, and the Egyptians shall know the Lord in that day, and shall do sacrifice and oblation; yea, they shall vow a vow unto the Lord, and perform it” (Isaiah 19:21).
“The Flight of Egypt is recounted in Gospel of Matthew That it was during the beginning of the 1st century AD, an angel appeared to Josef in A dream telling him to flee to Egypt, with Mary and the infant Jesus, since King Herod would seek the child to kill him. because a Group of men declaring jesus as the next King of The news so King herod felt threatened and decided to kill him
So, the purpose of the flight to Egypt is to protect the infant Jesus from King Herod, and it was a Divine Protection.
The Holy Visit is considered from the Most important treasures of the history and culture of Ancient Egypt.
it is all started at Bethlehem and they arrived to Egypt and passed through a lot of sites and places at The Delta and in Heliopolis and Old Cairo to Upper Egypt till Assuit.
The Last stop was Deir El Muharraq (Assuit).
THE first Step of The Holy Family from Palestine, is North Sinai, that it is the eastern borders of Egypt until they went to Desert of Sinai.
They should go in a hidden places so they will not make any followers or enemies know where they are.
They passed through a lot of sites in Sinai before reaching the Nile Valley.
The places they stayed in have now been transformed to churches and monasteries'
They went after that to El-Farma (ancient Pleusium).
it is located in the Midway between the city of El-Arish and Port said, it was considered as one of the most important seaports and trade centers.
The Holy Family continued their journey to the lower Egyptian Sites, they went to The Delta.
And the first stop was Tell Basta, and it is in “sharqia Governorate”, near “Zagazig” (100 Km north-east of Cairo).
Unfortunately, the holy family was not welcomed there.
So they went to other village beside it so they found a tree and sit under it, the infant jesus caused a water spring from the earth and it is still flows until now, the Virgin Mary bathed jesus Christ there and washed his clothes,This place Called Mostord, it was a town at Qalubiya Governorate, it is called also AL-Mahmma that means in Arabic the bathing place which jesus christ was bathed by his mother.
Then they went to Belbeis, here the holy family was under A tree called now "Virgin Mary’s Tree", but now the tree has been gone.
the went also to Daqadous, they passed through it and then went to Samannoud, THIS city located in the western bank of the Damietta branch.
Jesus Christ blessed the people of samannoud because they welcomed him in joy.
Then they went to Sakha, this town located at “kafr el-sheikh” Governorate, It was called that there is a rock there with a bass-relief of the foot of child jesus on it, now it on display inside a church in a glass case.
Then they went to Wadi EL Natrun, the holy family went to south into the western desert, wadi el natroun is a very spiritual place it is located mid-way between Cairo and Alexandria).
Wadi el natrun is now a very spitual place and it is became the site of monastic settlements.
Then they went crossing the nile to the eastern side to AIN Shams and El-Matariyah.
AIN Shams was a very importan place in Egypt source for worshipping the Sun God Re Of Egypt.
It was called in (Isaiah): the city of the sun “and “house of the sun”.
It is called that when the holy family entered it.. the statues and idols crumbled.
And the holy family was under a tree called tree of mary and jesus caused a water spring to flow and virgin mary washed his clothes.
In this place the balsam plant blossomed and it is very important plant because it used in the preparation of the perfumes of holy chrism is composed.
Then they went to Al-Zeitoun District.
Then they went to Babylon in Old CAIRO, THEY stayed in it until herod know that they were there, so they went to Upper Egypt the holy family sheltered in a cave until herod knew that they were there.
This place became a very important place because in this place they built a lot of churches now, and it is a very beautiful churches a model of the early Coptic churches.
So they went to Ma’ady from maady they boarded a sailing boat to reach southern Egypt.
Then they headed to Al-Badrashin, ancient Memphis now mit-rahina.
Then the went through upper Egyptian sites.
AL-Bahansa that located at el-minya governorate. Then to Gebel EL-Tair, that it is a mountainous site located at el-minya so the holy family rested in a cave this mountain is also known as gabal el-kaf that means palm mountains because they say that jesus Christ stretched his little hand to back a rock which was about to dispatch and fall upon them.
The they went to ElAshmounein. Called in ancient Egypt hermoppolis magna.
Then the holy family travelled to south to place called dairut al-sherif.
Then to al-qoussia so were not welcomed there and the people there expelled them out so they headed to MER (south) the people there welcomed them, then to DEIR AL-MUHARRAQ, that located at asyuit governorate the holy family remained over six months, they spent the time in a cave that now in it built a church called virgin mary.
Jesus made a lot of miracles there and from there
“Saying, Arise, and take the young child and his mother, and go into the land of Israel: for they are dead which sought the young child's life” (Mathews 2:20)
And from this place they return back to Palestine.